Hebden Parish Historical Data

Hebden Electors 1742 - 1835

Prior to the 1872 Ballot Act, electors were required to mount a platform at a parliamentary election and announce their choice of candidate to the officer who then recorded it in the poll book. These poll books were then often published. The Hebden electorate details are readily available for three of these elections. It is interesting to see how shire constituency representation was dominated by large landowners, and by sons of the aristocracy.

William Hogarth - The Polling .
William Hogarth: The Polling from The Humours of an Election series, 1755.
Click image for larger resolution

Hebden Electors in 1742

The death of Henry Viscount of Morpeth in 1741 necessitated a by-election in January 1742 for the Yorkshire representative in the House of Commons. The two candidates were the winning Whig candidate Cholmley Turner of Kirkleatham, and the Tory candidate George Fox of Bramham Park, later the second Lord Bingley. This was before the days of the Reform Acts, and eligible voters had to be male freeholders aged at least 21 whose lands were worth more than forty shillings. The names of those who voted together with the name of the chosen candidate was recorded in the poll book. Note that some residents of Hebden were able to vote as they held freeholdings elsewhere, and some non-residents voted because they held freeholdings in Hebden.

Freeholder's Name Location of Freehold Residence of freeholder Voted for
Barker, John Hebden Hebden Turner
Brown, Henry Hebden Hebden Fox
Brown, John Hebden Hebden Fox
Brown, William Hebden Hebden Fox
Constantine, Richard Hebden Hebden Fox
Constantine, Richard Hebden Hebden Fox
Dugdale, Josias Hebden Hebden Turner
Fletcher, Thomas Hebden Hebden Fox
Funess, ? Hebden and Rilston Hebden Fox
Huit, William Hebden Hebden Turner
Mangham, Robert Hebden Hebden Turner
Middleton?, Michael Hebden Hebden Fox
Pawson, William Hartlington Hebden Fox
Rathmell, Robert Hebden Hebden Fox
Rathmell, Thomas Hebden Hebden Fox
Rishworth, William Hebden Grassington Fox
Tennant, Matthew Hebden Hebden Turner
Tennant, Robert Hebden Hebden Turner
Tennant, William Hebden Hebden Turner
Tomlinson, Andrew Hebden Hebden Turner
Topham, Robert Hebden Hebden Fox
Topham, William Hebden Grassington Fox
Spence, Thomas Hebden Fountains Earth Turner
Verrity, William Hebden Hebden Fox
Wray, George Hebden Hebden Fox
Young, Charles Hebden Hebden Fox
Young, William Hebden Hebden Fox

Hebden Electors in 1807

There were three candidates for the 1807 Parliamentary election for the County of York, of whom two were returned. The successful candidates were William Wilberforce, the great social reformist and abolitionist; and Viscount Milton, a member of the Whig aristocracy who later became the 3rd Earl Fitzwilliam. The unsuccessful candidate was Henry Lascelles, later to be the 2nd Earl of Harewood. This was before the days of the Reform Acts, and eligible voters had to be male freeholders aged at least 21 whose lands were worth more than forty shillings. The names of those who voted together with the name of the candidate they votes for was recorded. Note that some residents of Hebden were able to vote as they held freeholdings elsewhere, and some non-residents voted because they held freeholdings in Hebden. The listing is particularly interesting as the electors' occupation was also recorded.

Freeholder's Name Location of Freehold Residence of freeholder Occupation Voted for
Brown, Robert Hebden Hebden Farmer Milton
Brown, John Rilston Hebden Farmer Milton
Barker, Thomas Hebden Hebden Yeoman Milton
Constantine, Joseph Hebden Hebden Farmer Milton
Garrs, Richard Grassington Hebden Farmer Milton
Garrs, William Grassington Hebden Farmer Milton
Grange, George Hebden Greenhow Hill Lead miner Lascelles
Grange, Thomas Hebden Bewerley Cotton-spinner Wilberforce
Hardaker, William Hebden Hebden Farmer Milton
Joy, Anthony Hebden Hartlington Farmer Milton
Mallorie, Joshua Hebden Dunkeswick Farmer Lascelles
Lupton, John Aysgarth Hebden Yeoman Milton
Scaife, Allison Hebden Hebden Maltster Milton
Stockdale, William Burnsall Hebden Farmer Wilberforce & Lascelles
Swale, David Hebden Settle Gentleman Milton
Sutcliffe, Robert Chapel Allerton Hebden Miller Milton
Topham, John Walker Hebden Basinghall Lane, London Gentleman Milton
Whalley, Josh Hebden Hebden Cotton-spinner Milton
Wigham, Joseph Hebden Hebden Cooper Milton
Young, Henry Hebden Hebden Yeoman Milton

Hebden Electors in 1835

A register of the voting electors for the West Riding Constituency of the House of Commons was published following an election in 1835. This was after the 1832 Reform Act which extended the franchise in county boroughs to wealthier male non-freeholders, but this appears to have had little effect in practice in Hebden, where there were but ten voting electors, one of whom lived in Dunkeswick, near Harewood - presumably because he was a Hebden freeholder. The incumbent candidate was George Howard, the Viscount of Morpeth, the well respected Chief Secretary for Ireland in Lord Melbourne's Whig government. Opposing him was the Tory candidate John Stuart Wortley, later the 2nd Baron Wharncliffe, who was anti-papist, and a supporter of the corn laws.

Freeholder's Name Residence of freeholder Voted for
Bowdin, Daniel Hebden Morpeth
Bramley, Walter Hebden Morpeth
Birch, Thomas Hebden Morpeth
Hardacre, Ralph Hebden Morpeth
Lupton, Wiliam Hebden Morpeth
Lupton, John Hebden Morpeth
Mallorie, William Dunkeswick Wortley
Pickles, Thomas Edge Side Morpeth
Stockdale, Thomas Hebden Morpeth
Tenant, John Hebden Morpeth
Waddilove, William Hebden Morpeth